php实现聊天室功能的方法:首先创建前端代码;然后在PHP后端文件中通过创建“private function initSocket(){…}”等方法实现聊天室功能即可。

php怎么实现聊天室功能插图

本文操作环境:windows7系统、PHP7.1版,DELL G3电脑

php怎么实现聊天室功能?

一、功能界面

9fe3b7bf3c38b74e59402c4dcaeaf04.png

1a6478a20108fb563e6ee71d77c054a.png

二、具体代码实现

1、前端代码如下

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<title>websocket聊天室</title>
<link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Source+Sans+Pro:400,600" rel="stylesheet">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://www.php.cn/css/reset.min.css">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://www.php.cn/css/style.css">
<style>
.message img {
float: left;
width: 40px;
height: 40px;
margin-right: 12px;
border-radius: 50%;
}
.you {
margin-left: 60px;
margin-top: -39px;
}
.me-header {
float: right !important;
margin-right: 0 !important;
}
.me {
margin-right: 60px;
margin-top: -39px;
}
.active-chat::-webkit-scrollbar, .left::-webkit-scrollbar {
width: 2px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div>
<div>
<div>
<div>
<div class="">在线人数:<span id="numbers">0</span> 人
</div>
</div>
<ul>
</ul>
</div>
<div>
<div><span>Tips: <span>PHP之websocket聊天室</span></span></div>
<div class="chat active-chat" data-chat="person1"
style="height: auto;border-width: 0px;padding: 10px;height: 483px; padding: 10px;overflow-y: auto;scrollTop: 100px">
</div>
<div>
<a href="javascript:;" class="write-link attach"></a>
<input type="text" id="input-value" onkeydown="confirm(event)"/>
<a href="javascript:;" class="write-link smiley"></a>
<a href="javascript:;" class="write-link send" onclick="send()"></a>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<script src="https://www.php.cn/js/index.js"></script>
<script>
var uname = prompt('请输入用户名', 'user' + uuid(8, 16));
var avatar = ['bo-jackson.jpg', 'dog.png', 'drake.jpg', 'louis-ck.jpeg', 'michael-jordan.jpg', 'thomas.jpg'];
if (avatar[Math.round(Math.random() * 10)]) {
var headerimg = "img/" + avatar[Math.round(Math.random() * 10)];
} else {
var headerimg = "img/" + avatar[0];
}
// 创建一个 websocket 连接
var ws = new WebSocket("ws://127.0.0.1:1238");
// websocket 创建成功事件
ws.onopen = function () {
var data = "系统消息:建立连接成功";
console.log(data);
};
// websocket 接收到消息事件
ws.onmessage = function (e) {
var data = JSON.parse(e.data);
switch (data.type) {
case 'handShake':
console.log(data.msg);
//发送用户登录
var user_info = {'type': 'login', 'msg': uname, 'headerimg': headerimg};
sendMsg(user_info);
break;
case 'login':
userList(data.user_list);
systemMessage('系统消息: ' + data.msg + ' 已上线');
break;
case 'logout':
userList(data.user_list);
if (data.msg.length > 0) {
systemMessage('系统消息: ' + data.msg + ' 已下线');
}
break;
case 'user':
messageList(data);
break;
case 'system':
systemMessage();
break;
}
}
// websocket 错误事件
ws.onerror = function () {
var data = "系统消息 : 出错了,请退出重试.";
alert(data);
};
function confirm(event) {
var key_num = event.keyCode;
if (13 == key_num) {
send();
} else {
return false;
}
}
function systemMessage(msg) {
var html = `<div>
<span>` + msg + `</span>
</div>`;
var active_chat = document.querySelector('div.active-chat');
var oldHtml = active_chat.innerHTML;
active_chat.innerHTML = oldHtml + html;
active_chat.scrollTop = active_chat.scrollHeight;
}
function send() {
var msg = document.querySelector("input#input-value").value;
var reg = new RegExp("\r\n", "g");
msg = msg.replace(reg, "");
sendMsg({type: "user", msg: msg});
document.querySelector("input#input-value").value = "";
}
function sendMsg(msg) {
var data = JSON.stringify(msg);
ws.send(data);
}
function userList(user) {
var html = '';
for (var i = 0; i < user.length; i++) {
html += `<li data-chat="person1">
<img src="https://www.php.cn/` + user[i].headerimg + `" alt=""/>
<span>` + user[i].username + `</span>
<span>` + user[i].login_time + `</span>
<span>在线</span>
</li>`;
}
document.querySelector('ul.people').innerHTML = html;
document.querySelector('span#numbers').innerHTML = user.length;
}
function messageList(data) {
if (data.from == uname) {
var html = `<div>
<img src="https://www.php.cn/` + data.headerimg + `" alt=""/>
<div class="bubble me">` + data.msg + `</div>
</div>`;
} else {
var html = `<div>
<img src="https://www.php.cn/` + data.headerimg + `" alt=""/>
<div class="bubble you">` + data.msg + `</div>
</div>`;
}
var active_chat = document.querySelector('div.active-chat');
var oldHtml = active_chat.innerHTML;
active_chat.innerHTML = oldHtml + html;
active_chat.scrollTop = active_chat.scrollHeight;
}
/**
* 生产一个全局唯一ID作为用户名的默认值;
*
* @param len
* @param radix
* @returns {string}
*/
function uuid(len, radix) {
var chars = '0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz'.split('');
var uuid = [], i;
radix = radix || chars.length;
if (len) {
for (i = 0; i < len; i++) uuid[i] = chars[0 | Math.random() * radix];
} else {
var r;
uuid[8] = uuid[13] = uuid[18] = uuid[23] = '-';
uuid[14] = '4';
for (i = 0; i < 36; i++) {
if (!uuid[i]) {
r = 0 | Math.random() * 16;
uuid[i] = chars[(i == 19) ? (r & 0x3) | 0x8 : r];
}
}
}
return uuid.join('');
}
</script>
</body>
</html>

2、后端代码如下

<?php
/**
* Created by PhpStorm.
* User: 25754
* Date: 2019/4/23
* Time: 14:13
*/
class socketServer
{
const LISTEN_SOCKET_NUM = 9;
const LOG_PATH = "./log/";
private $_ip = "127.0.0.1";
private $_port = 1238;
private $_socketPool = array();
private $_master = null;
public function __construct()
{
$this->initSocket();
}
private function initSocket()
{
try {
//创建socket套接字
$this->_master = socket_create(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, SOL_TCP);
// 设置IP和端口重用,在重启服务器后能重新使用此端口;
socket_set_option($this->_master, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, 1);
//绑定地址与端口
socket_bind($this->_master, $this->_ip, $this->_port);
//listen函数使用主动连接套接口变为被连接套接口,使得一个进程可以接受其它进程的请求,从而成为一个服务器进程。在TCP服务器编程中listen函数把进程变为一个服务器,并指定相应的套接字变为被动连接,其中的能存储的请求不明的socket数目。
socket_listen($this->_master, self::LISTEN_SOCKET_NUM);
} catch (Exception $e) {
$this->debug(array("code: " . $e->getCode() . ", message: " . $e->getMessage()));
}
//将socket保存到socket池中
$this->_socketPool[0] = array('resource' => $this->_master);
$pid = getmypid();
$this->debug(array("server: {$this->_master} started,pid: {$pid}"));
while (true) {
try {
$this->run();
} catch (Exception $e) {
$this->debug(array("code: " . $e->getCode() . ", message: " . $e->getMessage()));
}
}
}
private function run()
{
$write = $except = NULL;
$sockets = array_column($this->_socketPool, 'resource');
$read_num = socket_select($sockets, $write, $except, NULL);
if (false === $read_num) {
$this->debug(array('socket_select_error', $err_code = socket_last_error(), socket_strerror($err_code)));
return;
}
foreach ($sockets as $socket) {
if ($socket == $this->_master) {
$client = socket_accept($this->_master);
if ($client === false) {
$this->debug(['socket_accept_error', $err_code = socket_last_error(), socket_strerror($err_code)]);
continue;
}
//连接
$this->connection($client);
} else {
//接受数据
$bytes = @socket_recv($socket, $buffer, 2048, 0);
if ($bytes == 0) {
$recv_msg = $this->disconnection($socket);
} else {
if ($this->_socketPool[(int)$socket]['handShake'] == false) {
$this->handShake($socket, $buffer);
continue;
} else {
$recv_msg = $this->parse($buffer);
}
}
$msg = $this->doEvents($socket, $recv_msg);
echo($msg);
socket_getpeername ( $socket  , $address ,$port );
$this->debug(array(
'send_success',
json_encode($recv_msg),
$address,
$port
));
$this->broadcast($msg);
}
}
}
/**
* 数据广播
* @param $data
*/
private function broadcast($data)
{
foreach ($this->_socketPool as $socket) {
if ($socket['resource'] == $this->_master) {
continue;
}
socket_write($socket['resource'], $data, strlen($data));
}
}
/**
* 业务处理
* @param $socket
* @param $recv_msg
* @return string
*/
private function doEvents($socket, $recv_msg)
{
$msg_type = $recv_msg['type'];
$msg_content = $recv_msg['msg'];
$response = [];
switch ($msg_type) {
case 'login':
$this->_socketPool[(int)$socket]['userInfo'] = array("username" => $msg_content, 'headerimg' => $recv_msg['headerimg'], "login_time" => date("h:i"));
// 取得最新的名字记录
$user_list = array_column($this->_socketPool, 'userInfo');
$response['type'] = 'login';
$response['msg'] = $msg_content;
$response['user_list'] = $user_list;
break;
case 'logout':
$user_list = array_column($this->_socketPool, 'userInfo');
$response['type'] = 'logout';
$response['user_list'] = $user_list;
if ($nowUserSocket = @$this->_socketPool[(int)$socket]) {
$response['msg'] = $nowUserSocket['userInfo']['username'];
}else{
$response['msg'] = '';
}
break;
case 'user':
$userInfo = $this->_socketPool[(int)$socket]['userInfo'];
$response['type'] = 'user';
$response['from'] = $userInfo['username'];
$response['msg'] = $msg_content;
$response['headerimg'] = $userInfo['headerimg'];
break;
}
return $this->frame(json_encode($response));
}
/**
* socket握手
* @param $socket
* @param $buffer
* @return bool
*/
public function handShake($socket, $buffer)
{
$acceptKey = $this->encry($buffer);
$upgrade = "HTTP/1.1 101 Switching Protocols\r\n" .
"Upgrade: websocket\r\n" .
"Connection: Upgrade\r\n" .
"Sec-WebSocket-Accept: " . $acceptKey . "\r\n\r\n";
// 写入socket
socket_write($socket, $upgrade, strlen($upgrade));
// 标记握手已经成功,下次接受数据采用数据帧格式
$this->_socketPool[(int)$socket]['handShake'] = true;
socket_getpeername ( $socket  , $address ,$port );
$this->debug(array(
'hand_shake_success',
$socket,
$address,
$port
));
//发送消息通知客户端握手成功
$msg = array('type' => 'handShake', 'msg' => '握手成功');
$msg = $this->frame(json_encode($msg));
socket_write($socket, $msg, strlen($msg));
return true;
}
/**
* 帧数据封装
* @param $msg
* @return string
*/
private function frame($msg)
{
$frame = [];
$frame[0] = '81';
$len = strlen($msg);
if ($len < 126) {
$frame[1] = $len < 16 ? '0' . dechex($len) : dechex($len);
} else if ($len < 65025) {
$s = dechex($len);
$frame[1] = '7e' . str_repeat('0', 4 - strlen($s)) . $s;
} else {
$s = dechex($len);
$frame[1] = '7f' . str_repeat('0', 16 - strlen($s)) . $s;
}
$data = '';
$l = strlen($msg);
for ($i = 0; $i < $l; $i++) {
$data .= dechex(ord($msg{$i}));
}
$frame[2] = $data;
$data = implode('', $frame);
return pack("H*", $data);
}
/**
* 接受数据解析
* @param $buffer
* @return mixed
*/
private function parse($buffer)
{
$decoded = '';
$len = ord($buffer[1]) & 127;
if ($len === 126) {
$masks = substr($buffer, 4, 4);
$data = substr($buffer, 8);
} else if ($len === 127) {
$masks = substr($buffer, 10, 4);
$data = substr($buffer, 14);
} else {
$masks = substr($buffer, 2, 4);
$data = substr($buffer, 6);
}
for ($index = 0; $index < strlen($data); $index++) {
$decoded .= $data[$index] ^ $masks[$index % 4];
}
return json_decode($decoded, true);
}
// 提取 Sec-WebSocket-Key 信息
private function getKey($req)
{
$key = null;
if (preg_match("/Sec-WebSocket-Key: (.*)\r\n/", $req, $match)) {
$key = $match[1];
}
return $key;
}
//加密 Sec-WebSocket-Key
private function encry($req)
{
$key = $this->getKey($req);
return base64_encode(sha1($key . '258EAFA5-E914-47DA-95CA-C5AB0DC85B11', true));
}
/**
* 连接socket
* @param $client
*/
public function connection($client)
{
socket_getpeername ( $client  , $address ,$port );
$info = array(
'resource' => $client,
'userInfo' => '',
'handShake' => false,
'ip' => $address,
'port' => $port,
);
$this->_socketPool[(int)$client] = $info;
$this->debug(array_merge(['socket_connect'], $info));
}
/**
* 断开连接
* @param $socket
* @return array
*/
public function disconnection($socket)
{
$recv_msg = array(
'type' => 'logout',
'msg' => @$this->_socketPool[(int)$socket]['username'],
);
unset($this->_socketPool[(int)$socket]);
return $recv_msg;
}
/**
* 日志
* @param array $info
*/
private function debug(array $info)
{
$time = date('Y-m-d H:i:s');
array_unshift($info, $time);
$info = array_map('json_encode', $info);
file_put_contents(self::LOG_PATH . 'websocket_debug.log', implode(' | ', $info) . "\r\n", FILE_APPEND);
}
}
new socketServer();

推荐学习:《PHP视频教程》

以上就是php怎么实现聊天室功能的详细内容,更多请关注811轩轩资源网其它相关文章!

发表评论

您的电子邮箱地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注